Berkeley CSUA MOTD:Entry 53791
Berkeley CSUA MOTD
2022/08/07 [General] UID:1000 Activity:popular

2010/4/19-5/10 [Computer/SW/Security, Computer/SW/WWW/Server] UID:53791 Activity:nil
4/18 hacked:
ERROR, url_link recursive (eces.Colorado.EDU/secure/mindterm2) 2022/08/07 [General] UID:1000 Activity:popular

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2013/10/24-11/21 [Computer/Companies/Apple] UID:54747 Activity:nil
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2013/6/6-7/31 [Politics/Foreign/Asia/China, Computer/SW/Security] UID:54690 Activity:nil
6/6     Wow, NSA rocks. Who would have thought they had access to major
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2012/8/26-11/7 [Computer/SW/Security] UID:54465 Activity:nil
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2012/8/29-11/7 [Computer/SW/Security] UID:54467 Activity:nil
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2012/9/24-11/7 [Computer/SW/Languages, Computer/SW/Unix] UID:54484 Activity:nil
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2012/8/7-10/17 [Computer/SW/Security] UID:54455 Activity:nil
8/6     Amazon and Apple have lame security policies:
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2012/7/13-8/19 [Computer/SW/Security, Computer/Companies/Yahoo] UID:54436 Activity:nil
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2010/4/22-5/10 [Computer/SW/Languages/Misc] UID:53797 Activity:nil
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2010/1/22-30 [Computer/HW/Laptop, Computer/SW/OS/OsX] UID:53655 Activity:high
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2008/10/14-20 [Computer/SW/Languages/Misc, Computer/SW/Languages/Web] UID:51527 Activity:nil
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2008/9/3 [Computer/SW/Unix] UID:51030 Activity:nil
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2008/3/10-13 [Computer/SW/SpamAssassin] UID:49412 Activity:nil
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2007/12/11-14 [Computer/SW/OS/Linux, Computer/SW/WWW/Server] UID:48785 Activity:nil
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9/23    I have an Apache question:
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JIRA as its issue tracker, and Apache has warned users of the Apache hosted JIRA and Bugzilla or Confluence equivalents that their hashed passwords have been compromised. "We believe the risk to simple passwords based on dictionary words is quite high, and most users should rotate their passwords", it added, before suggesting some other possible security measures. "In addition, if you logged into the Apache JIRA instance between April 6th and April 9th, you should consider the password as compromised, because the attackers changed the login form to log them." The issue contained a warning, "ive got this error while browsing some projects in jira", along with a tinyurl web link. Unfortunately the link lead users to a cross-site scripting attack, which in turn allowed hackers to steal session cookies relating to JIRA. jsp, in which attackers threw hundreds of thousands of password combinations at its servers. Unfortunately, in less than twenty-four hours one of these attempts was succesful in gaining entry. "The attackers used this access to create copies of many users' home directories and various files," wrote Apache. "They also uploaded other JSP files that gave them backdoor access to the system using the account that JIRA runs under." Following this, the attackers then installed a JAR file which was used to collect and save logins and passwords. org machine, which hosts the Apache installs of JIRA, Bugzilla and Confluence. The detail and analysis presented in the post are enlightening, and we can only hope that other victims follow the Apache Software Foundation's lead. As it says, "We hope our disclosure has been as open as possible and true to the ASF spirit. Next article > Comments "threw hundreds of thousands of password combinations at its servers" I repeat from I think the Twitter compromise story: Isn't there ANY alarm for this? Are modern systems so stupidly designed as to allow unlimited attempts, instead of ignoring an IP after three failed attempts? Complain about this comment @AB: Changing IPs every 3 tries would be an obstacle. As would simply an alarm that thousands of attempts were coming from anywhere. By the way, I've already suggested using Firefox with a custom user agent string to initially validate that password attempts come from an apparently authorized source. If you can't answer my question simply and directly, I think it a good question. that tinyURL will be used to cloak compromised "real" URLs ? It has seemed to me from the outset that any URL that doesn't easily parse into a meaningful is likely to be used as a vector for maliciousness. The average punter is barely savvy enough to read the URL in any case, when it's an inscrutable handful of characters there is no hope. Let's face it, whoever was zapped here on an Apache issue log was no nave end user... Complain about this comment Don't restrict by IP add A better way to block a brute force password attack is to lock an account for a short period of time after a small number of failed attempts. For instance, locking an account for 1 minute after 5 failed attempts DRASTICALLY slows down brute force attempts. Increasing the delay for subsequent failures (say up to an hour) would make brute-force attacks stop in their tracks. Hundreds of thousands of attempts would take weeks, months, or years depending on the approach taken. A notification to admins and the user being attacked would further ensure that repeated failed attempts result in that user being disabled. All of this takes time to develop, and isn't necessarily the top priority of developers or management until someone makes it a priority. Sadly, by the time it's a priority, it's usually too late. Complain about this comment Passwords, passwords This still comes down to poor password discipline. LONG passwords are the best way to mitigate dictionary attacks although delays and fail2ban are also good. Complain about this comment @Mike Your advice is useful on something like a desktop computer where only one user has access at a time from a single point of entry. On a web server, I think this technique would make it trivial for anyone to launch a DoS attack, locking thousands of users out of their accounts. I've got to commend ASF for admitting a mistake publicly, and warning us about the methodology being used to hack the accounts. Many times we all see a sort of "passing the buck" by big firms that get hacked. Also, I have to think that the "3 tries and you're out" password scheme can be effective, at least in slowing down brute force.
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