Berkeley CSUA MOTD:Entry 39359
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2021/10/25 [General] UID:1000 Activity:popular
10/25   

2005/8/30-31 [Politics/Foreign/Asia/Japan, Reference/History/WW2/Japan] UID:39359 Activity:nil
8/30    "... the parliament designated the World War II hymn 'Kimigayo' as the
        national anthem in 1999 ... same one sung as the Imperial Army set
        forth from Japan ... strongly backed by Shintaro Ishihara, the governor
        of Tokyo and an outspoken nationalist, as a way to strengthen classroom
        patriotism.
        ... The school board's mandatory rule has had a visible effect. At
        graduation ceremonies in 2004, 198 teachers refused to stand. After a
        series of fines and disciplinary actions, Nezu and nine other teachers
        were the only protesters this year."
        http://csua.org/u/d71 (Wash Post)
2021/10/25 [General] UID:1000 Activity:popular
10/25   

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Cache (4026 bytes)
csua.org/u/d71 -> www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/08/29/AR2005082901865.html
Manage Your Newsletters Tokyo Teacher Is Punished for Pacifist Stance Refusal to Sing Wartime Anthem Comes As Japanese Schools Push National Pride By Anthony Faiola Washington Post Foreign Service Tuesday, August 30, 2005; Page A10 TOKYO -- When the national anthem started playing during a ceremony this year at Tachikawa Daini Junior High School, Kimiko Nezu, a soft-spoken b ut resolute home economics teacher, refused to stand and kept her mouth shut while others sang around her. Nezu, a self-described pacifist, said she has done the same thing ever si nce the parliament designated the World War II hymn "Kimigayo" as the na tional anthem in 1999. She said she opposes the song because it was the same one sung as the Imperial Army set forth from Japan calling for an " eternal reign" of the emperor. A Japanese national flag flutters in the wind at Tokyo's Yasukuni Shr ine, which honors Japan's fallen warriors, including convicted World War II criminals. A Japanese national flag flutters in the wind at Tokyo's Yasukuni Shrine, which honors Japan's fallen warriors, including convicted World War II criminals. But the Tokyo school board issued an order in Octo ber 2003 that the anthem must be respected. Since then, Nezu, 54, has be en punished by frequent transfers from one school to another and with te mporary salary cuts. And in May, shortly after the incident at Tachikawa , she was suspended for a month. Officials warned that another offense c ould lead to her dismissal after 34 years of teaching. The school board reaction was part of an effort by Tokyo and other school districts to enforce a new sense of pride in being Japanese. The measur es were strongly backed by Shintaro Ishihara, the governor of Tokyo and an outspoken nationalist, as a way to strengthen classroom patriotism. The school board's mandatory rule has had a visible effect. At graduation ceremonies in 2004, 198 teachers refused to stand. After a series of fi nes and disciplinary actions, Nezu and nine other teachers were the only protesters this year. "The pacifists, t he people who oppose nationalism in Japan. The school board action is at the center of criticism throughout East Asi a about rising Japanese nationalism. But it is also part of an ideologic al battle over the role of patriotism in Japan, where people are especia lly concerned about how the young will view their country. "It is time our children learned to be proud of Japan," said Hitomi Nakay ama, 48, a council member in Tokyo's Tachikawa City district. Nakayama, whose son has just graduated from the junior high school, has called for an investigation of Nezu's teaching practices. "There is nothing wrong with paying respect to our flag and our anthem or in taking pride in our nation and heritage," Nakayma said. Displays of overt patriotism were controversial in Japan in the decades a fter World War II. When the parl iament adopted the "Kimigayo" hymn, it also declared the traditional Jap anese sun flag, a red disk in a field of white, as the official flag. Un til then, the country did not have a legally recognized national flag or anthem. As Japan has observed the 60th anniversary of the end of World War II in the Pacific this month, nationalist political leaders have gained promin ence advocating a stronger role for Japan in the world. In the aftermath of Japan's economic recession in the 1990s, there is a growing popular notion that the country deserves clout commensurate with its position as the world's second-largest economy. Citing the threat of international terrorism and concerns that North Kore a may have nuclear weapons, members of the governing Liberal Democratic Party say part of updating the country's international profile involves military preparedness. They advocate a change in Japan's constitution, w hich was drafted by the United States after World War II and removed Jap an's right to maintain a military or wage war. The change would allow th e country to define its Self-Defense Forces as Japan's armed forces.